Domain Experts

Domain experts are politicians and/or civil servants. They know well the policy domain.

A politician in the project context is considered to be a decision-maker or a person that is responsible for the policy implementation under consideration. Politicians may initiate collaborative policy development (directly, or through civil servants) and may participate in the development of narrative scenarios or policy models. Politicians typically participate only in the initial phase of the collaborative policy development, and in later phases when some results of simulation are already available (especially in phase 6 .

Civil servants are assisting politicians and/or they provide relevant supporting materials for other participants of the policy development process. Civil servants, together with politicians, may provide an initial scenario description, which serves as a starting point for collaborative development of a new or improved policy. Civil servants may also participate in phase 2 (to less extent than stakeholders ) and in phase 6 .


Maria A. Wimmer, Karol Furdik, Melanie Bicking, Marian Mach, Tomas Sabol, and Peter Butka. Open Collaboration in Policy Development: Concept and Architecture to integrate scenario development and formal policy modelling. In Yannis Charalabidis and Sotiris Koussouris, editors, Empowering Open and Collaborative Governance. Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, 2012.

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